Sophocles Hadjisavvas, a state archeologist, states that "[the city's U. S. ] consul of the last quarter of the 19th century, claimed to have explored more than 3, 000 tombs in the area of Larnaca, so-called after the immense number of sarcophagi found in the modern town".  In the vernacular, Larnaca is also known as Scala (Greek: Σκάλα [ˈskala] from the word σκάλα, a loanword from the Italian scala, meaning "ladder" or "landing stage") referring to the historical port.  During the Middle Ages, until the end of the 18th century, a small port-anchorage close to Larnaca Bay is referred to on maps, engravings, in travel descriptions and documents as 'Scala di Saline and may account for this second name; other names that appear on maps include: Porto delle Salines, Rada delle Saline, Ponta delle Saline, Punta delle Salino, Golfo delle Saline, Port Salines, Selines, Salines, Le Seline, Le Salline, Saline, Salin, Salinas, Arnicho di Salinas, Port of Lazarus, Lazare [o], Marine, Marina, and Commercio [customs].
9(1. 61) 34. 4(1. 35) 17. 7(0. 70) 8. 8(0. 35) 2. 11) 0. 6(0. 02) 0. 4(0. 02) 7. 1(0. 28) 13. 54) 53. 1(2. 09) 94. 5(3. 72) 351. 6(13. 85) Average rainy days (≥ 1 mm) 7. 9 5. 7 4. 5 3. 1 0. 7 0. 3 0. 5 2. 1 4. 7 8. 0 37. 7 Mean monthly sunshine hours 195. 3 208. 8 238. 7 267. 0 331. 7 378. 0 387. 5 365. 8 312. 0 275. 9 216. 0 179. 8 3, 356. 5 Source 1: Meteorological Service (Cyprus) Source 2: Meteo Climat (record highs and lows) Landmarks Panoramic view of Phoinikoudes beach The city's landmarks include: the Church of Saint Lazarus; the Catacomb of Phaneromeni Church; Hala Sultan Tekke; the Kamares Aqueduct; and the Fort of Larnaca.
Economy Europe's square with government buildings Larnaca's economy has been growing since 1975,  after the loss of the Port of Famagusta, which handled 80% of general cargo, and the closure of Nicosia International Airport, meant that Larnaca's airport and seaport had increasingly important roles in the economy of the island. A €650m upgrade of Larnaca Airport has been completed. The service sector, including tourism, employs three-quarters of Larnaca's labour force.  Many travel and tour operators and other travel-related companies have a head office Larnaca.
 History Street in Larnaca in 1878 1880 drawing of market in Larnaca The former city-kingdom of Kition was originally established in the 13th century BC.  New cultural elements appearing between 1200 BC and 1000 BC (personal objects, pottery, new architectural forms and ideas) are interpreted as indications of significant political changes and the arrival of the Achaeans, the first Greek colonists of Kition.
5(45. 5) 6. 9(44. 4) 8. 7(47. 7) 11. 7(53. 1) 16. 0(60. 8) 19. 8(67. 6) 22. 2(72. 0) 19. 9(67. 8) 12. 5(54. 5) 9. 2(48. 6) 14. 5(58. 1) Record low °C (°F) −0. 9(30. 4) −1. 3(29. 7) −1. 0(30. 2) 2. 0(35. 6) 8. 5(47. 3) 15. 6(60. 1) 12. 4(54. 3) 7. 6(45. 7) 1. 9(35. 4) 0. 6(33. 1) Average rainfall mm (inches) 77. 6(3. 06) 40.
So-called "Foinikoudes" is the promenade along Athenon Avenue on the seafront. A row of palm trees (Cypriot Greek: φοινικούδες, foinikoudes) lines either side of it. Monuments A bust of Kimon the Athenian stands on the Foinikoudes Promenade, with this quote referring to him on the pedestal: "Even in death he was victorious" (Greek: "Kαι νεκρός ενίκα"). The marble bust of Zeno stands at the crossroads near the American Academy. Zeno was born in Kition in 334 BC. After studying philosophy in Athens, he founded the famous Stoic school of philosophy. The Armenian Genocide Memorial stands on Athinon Avenue.
Education The former Cornaro Institute in Larnaca was an art school and cultural centre prior to its closure by the municipality in 2017 There are over a hundred educational institutions in the city,  including the American Academy, Larnaca Nareg Armenian school and the Alexander College.
Larnaca is home to the country's primary airport, Larnaca International Airport. It also has a seaport and a marina. Names The name Larnaca originates from the Ancient Greek noun λάρναξ larnax 'coffer, box; chest, e. g. for household stores; cinerary urn, sarcophagus, coffin; drinking trough, chalice'. An informal etymology attributes the origin of the name to the many larnakes (sarcophagi) that have been found in the area.
It usually dries up in the summer. In the past, [when? ] it yielded good quality salt scraped from the dried surface. The salt from the lake is now considered unsuitable for consumption. Climate The climate in this area is described by the Köppen Climate Classification System as a hot semi-arid climate (BSh) due to its low annual rainfall and hot summer temperatures resulting in highly negative water balance. It is sometimes described as a mediterranean climate due to the pronounced rainy season in winter and virtually rainless summers, but this winter rainfall is below the required amount to avoid the semi-arid classification.
AEK Larnaca - Pafos FC Live - Cyta Championship: Football Scores & Highlights - 04/01/2023Follow the Cyta Championship live Football match between AEK Larnaca and Pafos FC with Eurosport. The match starts at 5:00 PM on January 4th, 2023. Catch the latest AEK Larnaca and Pafos FC news and find up to date Cyta Championship standings, results, top scorers and previous winners. Football fans can read breaking Football news headlines, interviews, expert commentary and watch replays. Keep up with what’s happening in the Premier League, Champions League and other competitions.
Culture Arts Larnaca has a theatre and an art gallery, which are operated by the municipality. The Cornaro Institute was a cultural centre founded by the celebrated Cypriot artist Stass Paraskos in the Old Town in 2007, which staged contemporary art exhibitions and other cultural events, prior to its closure by Larnaca Municipality in 2017. Music Local institutions include the Municipal Wind Orchestra. Sports Local teams include (football:) AEK Larnaca FC and ALKI Larnaca FC. Due to the Turkish occupation of Famagusta, the two teams of Famagusta, Anorthosis and Nea Salamina, are located here. Local sports arenas include AEK Arena - Georgios Karapatakis, GSZ Stadium, "Antonis Papadopoulos" and "Ammochostos". International competitions held in the city, include the Larnaka International Marathon since 2017, the Shooting Shotgun European Championships in 2012, the FIVB Beach Volleyball SWATCH Youth World Championship in 2012, the European Under-19 Football Championship final in 1998 and the European Under-17 Football Championship final in 1992.
Larnaca attracts windsurfers from around the world especially in autumn. Mackenzie Beach hosts windsurfing centre together with an extreme sports centre. Festivals Much of the activity is centered on the city promenade during the major festivals. The most important of these is Kataklysmos or the Festival of the Flood, celebrated in early summer with a series of cultural events. The festival used to last for about a week, but, in recent years, with the increased commercialism of peripheral stalls, rides and temporary Loukoumades restaurants, the festival has been extended to about three weeks, during which the seafront is closed to traffic in the evenings.